Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

The Treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). Entering into force in 2002, the statute outlined four international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression). The majority of countries are members of the ICC albeit with notable exceptions such as Russia, China and Israel. In 2005, the UNSC referred Libya to the ICC for investigation. It was the first time such powers had been used against a non-signatory of the Rome Statute.