A reference to those theories that reject the epistemological basis of positivism. Sometimes referred to as reflectivist theories, post-positivism claims that the study of international relations should include non-state actors and low politics. For instance, a study of ethnicity casts insight towards our comprehension of the subject matter (such as stateless nations). Unlike the predominant metanarratives, the focus of post-positivism is on how power is experienced. Post-positivism also claims that discourse can never be entirely separated from power.