An Arabic expression meaning a legitimate uprising or rebellion. In the context of the Middle East, the first intifada (1987-1993) was marked by a sustained protest against the Israeli occupation of Gaza and the West Bank. The second intifada (2000-05) began after Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount. After further bloodshed, the uprising ended when it was agreed that Israel would cease military activities against Palestinians in return for all Palestinian factions to stop violence against Israelis. The third intifada (sometimes called the silent intifada) refers to an increase in violence within Jerusalem during 2014.