Arab Spring

A series of rebellions against authoritarian regimes within numerous states in the Arab world. The Arab Spring started in Tunisia and led to a number of authoritarian leaders being deposed such as Ben Ali, Gaddafi, Mubarak and Saleh. The Arab Spring also led to numerous street protests under the slogan ‘the people want to bring down the regime.’ The Arab Spring occurred from 2011-2, although multiple uprisings in 2019 could be viewed as a continuation. The long-term consequences are debatable. In some ways, it led to greater levels of stability (most notably Tunisia). However, it also contributed towards civil war and insurgency in Iraq. As with all examples of social change, it led to a number of power vacuums and arguably failed to meet initial expectations.